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Your Friday Briefing – The New York Times

We’re covering President Biden’s first meeting with Prime Minister Boris Johnson ahead of the G7 summit, and E.U. calls for a Covid inquiry.

President Biden and Prime Minister Boris Johnson of Britain on Thursday used their first meeting to accentuate what they said was a growing divide between democracies and their autocratic rivals, led by Russia and China. Biden and Johnson met in Cornwall, before Friday’s Group of 7 summit. Here are the latest updates.

The two leaders unveiled a new “Atlantic Charter” as they sought to focus the world’s attention on emerging threats from cyber attacks, the Covid-19 pandemic and climate change.

In what he hopes will be a powerful demonstration that democracies — and not China or Russia — are capable of responding to the world’s crises, Biden also used his first full day abroad to formally announce that the U.S. would donate 500 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid vaccine to 100 poorer nations.

A source of tension: One of the toughest issues is the status of Northern Ireland, where Brexit-fueled tensions threaten a return of sectarian violence. Biden is a Roman Catholic and devoted Irish-American, fueling speculation that he will be more favorable to the Irish nationalist cause.

Leaders of the European Union joined calls for a full investigation into the origins of Covid-19, which was first discovered in Wuhan, China. The European Council president pledged “support for all the efforts in order to get transparency and to know the truth.”

The comments came ahead of the Group of 7 summit, which starts on Friday, during which world leaders will be under pressure to do more to stop the coronavirus.

An inquiry this year by the World Health Organization found that it was “extremely unlikely” that the virus leaked from a lab in China, but many saw it as incomplete because of the Chinese government’s lack of cooperation. Governments and scientists have been calling for a more complete examination of the origins of the virus.

Late last month, President Biden ordered U.S. intelligence agencies to investigate the origins of the virus, an indication that his administration was taking the possibility of a lab leak seriously.

Access to China: Ursula von der Leyen, the president of the European Commission, said that “investigators need complete access to the information and to the sites” to “develop the right tools to make sure that this will never happen again.”

Here are the latest updates and maps of the pandemic.

In other developments:


Lawmakers in Beijing approved legislation on Thursday that would ban multinational companies from complying with foreign sanctions against China, leaving businesses between a rock and a hard place.

The U.S. and the E.U. have prohibited any dealings with a growing list of businesses and people accused of human rights violations. But companies that obey those laws would now risk violating Chinese laws.

The new legislation was the latest in a series of moves by Beijing to push back against international pressure on its conduct in Hong Kong and in the Xinjiang region.

Quotable: The E.U. Chamber of Commerce president said China’s new law would discourage foreign investment and make businesses feel like “sacrificial pawns in a game of political chess.”

News From Asia

Among the people in Afghanistan worried about the U.S. troop withdrawal are interpreters, who are making urgent requests for U.S. visas under a special program meant to protect them. Employment by the U.S. military often makes them a target. Many say they are seized by dread, fearing they will be denied, or approved only after they have been hunted down and killed.

Climate change and biodiversity collapse have traditionally been treated as two separate crises. According to scientists on two leading research panels, that’s the wrong way to look at things. A new report says we can’t effectively address either problem without looking at the state of nature as a whole. Here’s what to know.

How we got here

The lead culprits in the biodiversity crisis: habitat loss because of agriculture, and, at sea, overfishing. For climate change, it’s the burning of fossil fuels.

What’s not working

Businesses and countries have increasingly looked to nature as a way to offset their emissions, for example, by planting trees to absorb carbon. But the science is clear: Nature can’t store enough carbon to let us keep on spewing greenhouse gases at our current rates.

The solutions

By protecting and restoring nature, the report said, we can safeguard biodiversity, help limit warming, improve human well-being and even find protection from the consequences of climate change, like intensified flooding and storms.

In Brazil, parts of the Cerrado, a biodiverse savanna that stores large amounts of carbon, have been planted with monocultures of eucalyptus and pine in an attempt to meet a global reforestation goal. The result, researchers have written separately, is a disaster that destroys the native ecosystem and the livelihoods of local communities, including Indigenous people.

What to Cook

That’s it for today’s briefing. See you next time. — Melina

P.S. The Times won multiple awards in the Silurians Press Club’s Excellence in Journalism competition for its work about New York City and the region.

The latest episode of “The Daily” is about Dr. Katalin Kariko, a pioneer behind mRNA vaccines.

You can reach Melina and the team at briefing@nytimes.com.

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